Hibiscus: Queen Of My Garden!!

This blog is dedicated to all hibiscus lovers. Here I am writing about a brief history of hibiscus and how I went gaga for this lovely blossom. I stay in the western coast of India. Right now I own 36 varieties of hibiscus and searching for new varieties in the nursery and also online sites. Plz, help me in my endeavor.

I searched many websites for different varieties of hibiscus but unable to find any useful sites. There are some sites which offer common varieties but the price ranges between Rs.250 to Rs.500. I found one useful site which offers many varieties but the price is over my budget as they are selling it in dollars. If you want to check then this is the link.

Normally, I buy all of my garden plants from a nearby nursery. Each hibiscus plant costs Rs. 50 each(without pots). These plants are always in a healthy condition and have lots of buds.

These are the photos of hibiscus which I own.

History Lets know about a brief history of hibiscus. Hibiscus is a perennial plant and belongs to the family Malvaceae. It can grow up to 10meters. There are about 300 species of hibiscus. The exact origin of hibiscus is unknown but they are found throughout the tropic.

Unknown facts These lovely flowers in addition to adding beauty to your garden also have many benefits. The leaves and flowers of hibiscus plants are used in many herbal shampoos and conditioners. They also have medicinal properties and are used in many ayurvedic medicines especially the white flowers. Even we use the leaves and flowers of white hibiscus for our hairs. We boil it and then apply that lukewarm water to our scalp and leave it for 20 minutes. It reduces hair fall, makes hair smooth and also absorbs heat and you will feel very relaxed.

How I Take care of my hibiscus I have planted all my hibiscus in plastic pots as I stay in a rented apartment. While taking care of any plants you have to consider three main points 1)Proper watering 2)Fertilizer 3)Pest control

Watering Watering depends on the season. In the rainy season, the rainwater is enough so I don’t go for watering. In winter they require very less water i.e. once in a day. Early morning is the best time to water this plant. Since it will be very cold outside so I prefer evening as it also suits my schedule. In summer, hibiscus require a large amount of water. I water them twice a day early in the morning and late evening.

Fertilizer I always prefer organic farming as I don’t want to pollute the soil as well as the environment. I use kitchen waste like vegetables, egg shells, used tea, fish water, and coconut shells. Apart from this I also use an organic fertilizer which I buy from the nursery. They sell it for Rs. 20/kg. I use this fertilizer once in a week(on Sunday as I have a holiday). I use about one tablespoon for each plant.

Pest control This is the major part of any plant care. If you do proper watering and used good fertilizer but not done anything for pest control then your efforts will be in vain. The main pests which affect your hibiscus plants are aphid, mealybugs, thrips, caterpillar and ants.

Aphid: These pets are usually found in clusters and are black, white or green in color. They suck the juices from foliage. If you do not control these pests they will kill your entire plant. Four of my hibiscus plants died because of this pest

Aphid

Mealybugs: These little unwanted guests will destroy your entire garden. Hibiscus foliage is their favorite food. These pest not only kill hibiscus but also affect other plants like rose, tomato and eggplant. Very difficult to control.

Mealybug

Thrips: These pests cause hibiscus buds to drop before flowering as they lay eggs inside the buds. I faced this problem a lot. These pests are difficult to detect as your plant will be in a healthy condition and you cannot see these pests. Only when you open the fallen bud you can see the patches inside it that also with a magnifying glass.

Buds Affected with Thrips

Caterpillar: These will affect your plant during the rainy season. They will eat away all the leaves within few hours. Some time the leaves will be folded. When you open this fold you can see tiny green caterpillar.

Caterpillar

Ants: These won’t directly affect your plant but they help in the propagation of above mentioned pests.

Ants

For all these pests I am using neem oil and cow urine as pesticides. I mix 1 table spoon of cow urine or neem oil in 500ml of water and spray it on entire plant once in a week. This works as a precautionary measure but wont help your plants if it is badly affected by pests.

In such case you have to use soap water or shampoo water. When my plant was affected with mealy bugs I tried this method and it worked. As I told you that I always do organic farming so I am using herbal shampoo once in a week. Again the spray includes 1 table spoon of herbal shampoo in 500ml of water.

If you still cant get rid of these pests then pruning is the only option. Prune the affected leaves and branches and throw it in far places or burry them as there are chances that they may return through wind or ants.

Encourage beneficial insects like lady bugs(only work with temperatures 62-88°F) which eats about 50 aphids a day.  There are other useful insects like green lacewing and pirate bugs which helps in controlling the harmful pests in a natural way.

Lady bug


Thank you so much guys for reading this post. I hope this information is useful to you. If you know any website or nursery which deliver plants to Goa plz give me information regarding that. Plz, add your suggestions in the comment box. Tell me how many hibiscus plants you have and from where you bought these plants. Plz, share photos of your hibiscus flowers too.

Happy Gardening!!!

Summer Flowers

Roses
The rose is a prickly flowering shrub. It comes in various colors; red and pink being the most common colors and black and green are the rarest. This beautiful flower can be grown in all seasons. It requires a good amount of sunlight though it prefers a little cool environment.

Rose

Hibiscus This one is my favourite. I have about 50 varieties of hibiscus. There are around 200 varieties of hibiscus. These come in different color, shape, and sizes. This plant can also be grown in all seasons but summer is the best season to add this plant into your garden.

Hibiscus

Petunia Petunia plant as I always call it as “delicate darling” are most beautiful flower can only be grown in summer or late winter. It has to be kept in full sunlight and it requires very little water. Too much water will kill this plant. This flower also comes in various colors. Plant it in a hanging pot to enhance its beauty.

Petunia

Dhalia Dhalia again a delicate but most beautiful flower. It requires more care compared to its peers. It is a very delicate plant requires proper support. Sometimes it cannot stand the weight of its own flower. Summer is the best season to see this plant in full bloom. This plant requires a very little amount of water as too much of watering will rot its roots.

Dhalia

Marigold This is a seasonal plant can only be grown in summer. It requires a good amount of sunlight and water. It can be easily grown and requires very little care. It can be grown in any type of soil. Marigold flowers commonly have yellow, orange, and white colors.

Marigold

Zenia Zenia is also a seasonal flower. It also comes in various varieties and colors. The plant is usually grown from seeds. You can buy zenia seeds or you can buy plants from a nearby nursery. This plant also requires very little care.

Zenia

Sunflower Sunflower is a big yellow flower with a brown center. As its name says it loves sunlight. It moves in the direction of the sun. You can directly plant its seeds in the garden. These seeds require moist soil for germination.

Sunflower

Cosmos Cosmos are also seasonal flowers. These require a good amount of sunlight and water as Marigold. These come in orange, yellow, white and purple color. Can be easily grown from seeds with very little care.

Cosmos

Periwinkle Periwinkle are small plants only grown in summers. These are propagated through their seeds. It requires full sunlight and little amount of water. Come in varieties of colors white and pinkish purple being the common one.

Periwinkle

Gerbera  Gerbera flowers are wildly used for decorative purpose. You must have also seen it in your nearest florist shop. Gerbera flowers have yellow, orange, white, pink or red colors. These plants require proper care. Avoid direct sunlight.

Gerbera

Pansy Pansies are butterfly-shaped flowers come in varieties of colors. These are very small shrubs grow in winter as well as in summer. These plants require very little care.

Pansy

Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum can be grown in all seasons. It comes in various color, yellow and white being the common color. The white Chrysanthemum also has a medicinal value and is used in many ayurvedic medicines.

Chrysanthemum

Balsam Balsam is a very small shrub with a watery stem. The flower has a red, pink, white, and purple color. These can be grown from seeds. Its seeds are similar to mustard seeds and are easily available in the market.

Balsam