Summer apart from being the hottest season is the best time for gardening provided you have plenty of water. In this season grow some vegetables in your garden and enjoy a chemical-free meal. If you are new to gardening then start by planting these vegetables. These vegetable are not only easy to grow but are very easy to maintain. So here is a list of vegetable which you can grow in this summer :
Pepper Pepper is a must in Indian dishes whether it is a curry, gravy or chutney. Growing pepper is very easy. They are grown from seeds. You will get these seeds easily in the market. But no need to waste money on these seeds. Instead of that try my method. If you are using dry pepper then you can easily get these seeds from the pepper. There will be lots of seeds in the bottom of the container. You can use these seeds. But if you are buying fresh pepper like me then keep those pepper out of the refrigerator. After some days the unused pepper will become red and finally get dried. Now remove seeds from these pepper. These seeds are ready for planting. I always use these seeds as I don’t have a refrigerator. These seeds can be directly planted in pots. Within two days they start germinating. After 7 days, transfer the seedlings in a bigger container containing a potting mix. The potting mix should include soil, cocopeat, and fertilizer. After 20 days the plant will start flowering and after 35 days the pepper will be fully developed.
Tomato Tomato is used in curry, sauce, chutney and in making gravy. Tomato can be grown in the same way as the pepper. I always remove the seeds of the tomato before cooking as I have read somewhere that they are not good for health especially for kidney(I read it in a health magazine). Instead of throwing these seeds in dustbin I plant in a pot. And the rest procedure is same as pepper. The only difference is the tomato plant require support. They cannot bear the weight of tomatoes. So once the plants start flowering give them proper support.
Eggplant Eggplant or brinjal are used in many different cuisines. This plant can be grown from seeds as well as from seedlings. I have recently bought seedling of this plant from the local market for Rs.10. Total of 10 seedlings were there. If you are planting seeds then remember that these seeds take quite a long time(about 7 to 14 days) to germinate. Once they are germinated it takes about one to two month for the plants to start flowering. Once they start flowering give enough water otherwise the flowers will fall. Within 20 days of flowering, the vegetable is ready to harvest.
Onion Onions are used in salads, curry, gravy, and many other dishes. Like pepper and tomato onions are also commonly used vegetables. Onions can also be grown from seeds. Like eggplant, I have bought onion seedlings also from the local market. You must have noticed that in moist condition onions start sprouting. Plant these sprouts in the soil. These sprouts will develop and give flowers and these flowers later develop into seeds. You can use these seeds or buy fresh seeds from the market or any online sites. But I suggest you buy seedlings, instead of seeds. As you know onions grow underground so these seedling has to be planted in loose and well-drained soil. Otherwise, the onion won’t grow. Within the span of 2 months, the onions will be ready for harvesting.
Amaranth Leaves Amaranth leaves are green or beetroot red in color. Very easy to cultivate and have amazing health benefits due to its high concentration of protein, minerals. and vitamins. They have tiny black color seeds which are easily available in the market. In my place, local farmers sell it throughout the year. They sell it in a bottle cap. One cap costs Rs.20. You can also prepare your own seeds by following my technique. Whenever you buy amaranth leaves from the market, cut the tip and remaining leaves and use it for cooking. Don’t throw the remaining plant. In that select some healthy plants which have good roots and plant it in a pot. After some days the plant will grow and will start flowering. After the flowers are dried remove it. Now when you crush these dried flowers you can see tiny black seeds. These seeds can be used to grow new amaranth plants.
Malabar Spinach (Basella alba) This vegetable is also known as “Vaali Bhaji”. Most famous and widely used vegetable in summer. We eat it along with “Paige” also called as Ganji in Kannada.
Paige is made by boiling rice in large amounts of water. Summer is the best season to eat as well as to grow this green vegetable. Its a soft-stemmed vine and grows up to 10 meters. Normally it is propagated through its stem. I always grow this vegetable by planting its stem. But it can also be grown from seeds. The seeds are juicy and black in color. I have never seen its seeds in my market or any of the online site. But you can save its seeds from your plant for next yield. Once the vine starts flowering, its growth stops. It requires moist soil but avoids too much watering. This vegetable is rich in vitamin and calcium.