This blog is dedicated to all hibiscus lovers. Here I am writing about a brief history of hibiscus and how I went gaga for this lovely blossom. I stay in the western coast of India. Right now I own 36 varieties of hibiscus and searching for new varieties in the nursery and also online sites. Plz, help me in my endeavor.
I searched many websites for different varieties of hibiscus but unable to find any useful sites. There are some sites which offer common varieties but the price ranges between Rs.250 to Rs.500. I found one useful site which offers many varieties but the price is over my budget as they are selling it in dollars. If you want to check then this is the link.
Normally, I buy all of my garden plants from a nearby nursery. Each hibiscus plant costs Rs. 50 each(without pots). These plants are always in a healthy condition and have lots of buds.
These are the photos of hibiscus which I own.
History Lets know about a brief history of hibiscus. Hibiscus is a perennial plant and belongs to the family Malvaceae. It can grow up to 10meters. There are about 300 species of hibiscus. The exact origin of hibiscus is unknown but they are found throughout the tropic.
Unknown facts These lovely flowers in addition to adding beauty to your garden also have many benefits. The leaves and flowers of hibiscus plants are used in many herbal shampoos and conditioners. They also have medicinal properties and are used in many ayurvedic medicines especially the white flowers. Even we use the leaves and flowers of white hibiscus for our hairs. We boil it and then apply that lukewarm water to our scalp and leave it for 20 minutes. It reduces hair fall, makes hair smooth and also absorbs heat and you will feel very relaxed.
How I Take care of my hibiscus I have planted all my hibiscus in plastic pots as I stay in a rented apartment. While taking care of any plants you have to consider three main points 1)Proper watering 2)Fertilizer 3)Pest control
Watering Watering depends on the season. In the rainy season, the rainwater is enough so I don’t go for watering. In winter they require very less water i.e. once in a day. Early morning is the best time to water this plant. Since it will be very cold outside so I prefer evening as it also suits my schedule. In summer, hibiscus require a large amount of water. I water them twice a day early in the morning and late evening.
Fertilizer I always prefer organic farming as I don’t want to pollute the soil as well as the environment. I use kitchen waste like vegetables, egg shells, used tea, fish water, and coconut shells. Apart from this I also use an organic fertilizer which I buy from the nursery. They sell it for Rs. 20/kg. I use this fertilizer once in a week(on Sunday as I have a holiday). I use about one tablespoon for each plant.
Pest control This is the major part of any plant care. If you do proper watering and used good fertilizer but not done anything for pest control then your efforts will be in vain. The main pests which affect your hibiscus plants are aphid, mealybugs, thrips, caterpillar and ants.
Aphid: These pets are usually found in clusters and are black, white or green in color. They suck the juices from foliage. If you do not control these pests they will kill your entire plant. Four of my hibiscus plants died because of this pest
Mealybugs: These little unwanted guests will destroy your entire garden. Hibiscus foliage is their favorite food. These pest not only kill hibiscus but also affect other plants like rose, tomato and eggplant. Very difficult to control.
Thrips: These pests cause hibiscus buds to drop before flowering as they lay eggs inside the buds. I faced this problem a lot. These pests are difficult to detect as your plant will be in a healthy condition and you cannot see these pests. Only when you open the fallen bud you can see the patches inside it that also with a magnifying glass.
Caterpillar: These will affect your plant during the rainy season. They will eat away all the leaves within few hours. Some time the leaves will be folded. When you open this fold you can see tiny green caterpillar.
Ants: These won’t directly affect your plant but they help in the propagation of above mentioned pests.
For all these pests I am using neem oil and cow urine as pesticides. I mix 1 table spoon of cow urine or neem oil in 500ml of water and spray it on entire plant once in a week. This works as a precautionary measure but wont help your plants if it is badly affected by pests.
In such case you have to use soap water or shampoo water. When my plant was affected with mealy bugs I tried this method and it worked. As I told you that I always do organic farming so I am using herbal shampoo once in a week. Again the spray includes 1 table spoon of herbal shampoo in 500ml of water.
If you still cant get rid of these pests then pruning is the only option. Prune the affected leaves and branches and throw it in far places or burry them as there are chances that they may return through wind or ants.
Encourage beneficial insects like lady bugs(only work with temperatures 62-88°F) which eats about 50 aphids a day. There are other useful insects like green lacewing and pirate bugs which helps in controlling the harmful pests in a natural way.
Thank you so much guys for reading this post. I hope this information is useful to you. If you know any website or nursery which deliver plants to Goa plz give me information regarding that. Plz, add your suggestions in the comment box. Tell me how many hibiscus plants you have and from where you bought these plants. Plz, share photos of your hibiscus flowers too.